About ThailandSituated in the heart of mainland Southeast Asia, Thailand is an amazing kingdom, featuring Buddhist temples, exotic wildlife, and spectacular islands. Along with a fascinating history and a unique culture that includes delectable Thai food and massage, Thailand features a modern capital city, and friendly people who epitomize Thailand’s “land of smiles” reputation. Situated in the heart of mainland Southeast Asia, Thailand serves as a gateway to the emerging economies of the Greater Mekong Subregion.
GeographyThailand has a land area of 513,115 sq.km. (approx. 127,008 acres) bordered by Malaysia (South), Myanmar (West & North), Laos (North & East) and Cambodia (Southeast). The country's east coast borders the Gulf of Thailand and the west coast abuts the Andaman Sea. The country is divided geographically into four main zones -- the fertile central plains, dominated by the Chao Phraya River; the 300-metre-high northeast plateau, the kingdom's most barren region; the mountainous North; and the tropical southern peninsula.
SeasonThere are three seasons in Northern, Northeastern and Central Thailand - hot (March to May), rainy (June to October), and cool (November to February). And there are two seasons in the South - rainy (April to November) and hot (December to March). In the North and Northeast in winter, the temperatures are much lower during night time, especially on the mountains, with temperatures lower than 10°C.
ClimateThe temperature varies from 38°C to 19°C with the annual average at about 29°C. The humidity is from 66% to 82.8%.
Local timeGMT +7 hours.
People75% Thais, 11% Chinese, 3.5% Malays, and others are Mons, Khmers, Burmese, Laotians, Indians and a variety of hill tribes.
LanguageThai is the national language. English is widely understood in Bangkok and big cities.
ReligionBuddhists 94.2%, Muslims 4.6%, Christians 0.8%, others 0.4%.
National flagThe red, white and blue horizontal bands symbolize the nation, religion, and the monarchy respectively.
Largest provincesLargest provinces Nakhon Ratchasima 20,493 sq. km., Chiang Mai 20,107 sq. km., Kanchanaburi 19,483 sq. km.
Largest islandsPhuket 543 sq. km., Chang 429 sq. km., Samui 247 sq. km. Highest peaks Doi Inthanon 2,565 m., Doi Pha Hom Pok 2,285 m., Doi Chiang Dao 2,195 m.
Major agricultural exportsRice, tapioca, rubber, maize, pineapples, durians, longans, palm oil and herbs.
Major manufactured exportsComputer and computer accessories, integrated circuit, textiles, electronics, cars and spare parts, gems and jewellery